QD friends

community organization

Coconut

Leave a comment

The coconut is the fruit of the coconut palm tree which is found across much of the tropics. The coconut tree is known for its great versatility as seen in the many domestic, commercial, and industrial uses of its different parts. It is popularly known in the Philippines as tree of life because of its many uses in medicine, food, fuel, cosmetics, construction, handicrafts, decoration, etc. 

Coconut sap, the sweet substance coming from the tapped unopened spathe or  inflorescence of coconut, is a versatile food product. It could be  marketed as an alcoholic drink (4-6% alcohol) locally known as “tuba” or coconut  wine; as vinegar (under further natural fermentation) or as “lambanog” or  distilled wine (24-45% alcohol).

The sap can also be processed to produce sap/juice drink, syrup or honey, crude sugar or granulated brown  sugar.

How to make-

Coconut Sap Juice

a) Pasteurize the sap for 10 minutes at 65oC (to prevent natural  fermentation).

b) Pour separately in the desired container.

c) Seal  tightly and place in the cool section of the refrigerator or freezer if the  juice is to be transported to consumers in distant places.

d) If  hygienically prepared, the juice can be stored for 3 days.

Coconut Honey or Syrup

a) Boil the sap until it reaches 110o or becomes sticky under  moderate to very slow heat.

b) Cool the sticky liquid or coco honey/syrup,  then pour into desired container.

c) Store in the refrigerator to prolong  shelf life (up to one year without deterioration).

Coconut Sugar

a) Boil coconut sap to evaporate the water under moderate heat with  occasional stirring until sap thickens at 115oC.

b) Remove from  the flame when it begins to become very sticky.

c) Continue mixing until it  becomes granular.

d) Air dry the brown sugar before packing. The pH of  coconut sap should be at a level greater than or equal to 6 to ensure successful  production of granulated coconut sugar.

One kg of coconut sap sugar can be derived from 2 gallons or 7-8 liters of  sweet fresh coconut sap. Coconut sugar is mostly used for cooking desserts and  curries and some for raw material of food industries (e.g., confectionery).

Coconut Vinegar

a) Pour harvested sap into a wide and large container. Cover with a clean net  to allow aeration and prevent entry of dirt and foreign objects.

b) After  the 10 days, harvest the coconut as vinegar.

c) Pasteurize vinegar by  heating for 5-10 minutes at 60-65oC to maintain the desired quality  (4% acidity) of the vinegar.

d) Allow to cool before placing in very clean  bottles. Cover tightly and seal. The coco sap vinegar is a very good ingredient  in pickled papaya and as a dip for chicharon and other snack and food  preparations.

For more information, please contact:

The  Consortium Director Southern Mindanao Agriculture and Resources Research and  Development Consortium (SMARRDEC)
University of Southern Philippines  (USeP)
Bo. Obrero, Davao City
Advertisements

Author: qdfriends

QDfriends bonded together for the purpose of helping others, and respecting themselves, their culture and the environment.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s